The purpose of the lesson: Using Present Perfect with "since" and "for"
Size of the class: 40 students
Age: 14 years old/grade 8
Length of the lesson: 45 minutes
The main focus of this lesson is on students learning to talk about their lives using the present perfect with "since" and "for". Because I have only 45 minutes for this lesson, I try to make it simple and make sure they understand when and how to use Present Perfect with "since" and "for". The lesson is divided into 3 stages and it follows the PPP template (Present, Practice, and Production).
You might want to elicit the past participle of the verbs that might be used by the students in this lesson (lived, been, had, known, etc.)
Since Vietnamese language uses Present Simple to express the following situation, using concept checking question to make students understand when and how to use Present Perfect with "since" and "for" seems to be a good idea. A graphical representation is always helpful when it comes to verb tenses.
I have lived in Vietnam since 2005.
I have lived in Vietnam for 7 years (now is 2012).
How long have I lived in Vietnam?
When did I come in Vietnam?
Am I still in Vietnam?
I have been an English teacher since 2008.
I have been an English teacher for 4 years (now is 2012).
How long have I been a teacher?
When did I start teaching English?
Am I still an English teacher?
I have had a Yamaha since 2010.
I have had a Yamaha for 2 years (now is 2012).
How long have I had a Yamaha?
When did I buy my Yamaha?
Do I still have the Yamaha?
Once the students understand how and when to use Present Perfect with "since" and "for" they can move on to practice. Based on the examples provided at stage 1, in pairs, students ask and answer the following questions. The teacher monitors and offers help (pay attention of the pronunciation of "since" and the correct usage of Present Perfect).
Where do you live?
How long have you lived there?
What do you do?
How long have you been a ...?
Do you have a bicycle?
How long have you had the bicycle?
At this stage I ask students to ask me more questions using Present Perfect with "since" and "for". You might want to write on the board something like:
I am married.
My best friend is John.
How long have you been married?
How long have you known John?
Encourage students to ask as many questions as possible. Exemplify as many situations as possible.