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ESL/EFL lesson plan on questions

This lesson is suitable for low-intermediate learners. This ESL/EFL lesson has three main objectives (besides forming questions in English): to help the teacher and the students to know each other, to give the teacher an idea about the level of the class, and to review some language points studied at the beginning level, in our case, word order in questions.

Stage 1 (8 min) - Lead In

As a lead-in activity I have chosen an activity which is suitable for big classrooms with a big number of learners.
At home the teacher prepares a music CD. In the classroom, after the teacher introduces himself, he divides the class into two groups, group A and B. The teacher asks both groups to make a circle, circle A inside circle B. Now, the teacher tells the students that they are at a party and when he plays the music they have to go around in circle, one clockwise and the other counter-clockwise. When the teacher stops the music, the learners have to introduce themselves to the one who is standing opposite to them.

Stage 2 (17 min)

Because one of the aims of the lesson is reviewing word order in questions, at this stage I have chosen an activity related to questions but also to “introducing yourself”.
Tell students that they are going to complete a group of questions with the missing verb. The teacher creates several groups of questions as is shown below (you can print these questions on paper for each student or you can project them on the board).

Group 1 – Questions about family

Where _____ you from? (are)
Where _____ you live? (do)
Do you _____ any brothers and sisters? (have)

Group 2 – Questions about occupation

What do you _____? (do)
Where do you _____? (work)
Do you _____ your job? (like)
Do you _____ any foreign languages? Which one? (speak)
What school do you _____ to? (go)
What year _____ you in? (are)

Group 3 – Questions about hobbies

What kind of music do you _____ to? (listen)
Do you _____ a musical instrument? Which one? (play)
Do you _____ TV? What programs? (watch)
Do you _____ any sports? Which ones? (play)
What books do you _____? (read)

Group 4 – Questions about your future

Where are you going to _____ after the class? (go)
What are you going to _____ this weekend? (do)

Group 5 – Questions about the past

Where _____ you born? (were)
Where did you _____ English before? (study)
What did you _____ last summer? (do)

The teacher can elicit the verbs for the questions in the group 1. The teacher put the students in pairs and tell them to complete the questions with the missing verb. Feedback is very important here, make sure the students understand the whole question, not only the missing verbs. (7 min)

The teacher can repeat a group of questions and ask students to repeat and copy the rhythm and the intonation. (3 min)

The teacher put the students in pairs and tell them to practice the questions with a partner. The teacher can demonstrate this activity with a student before having the students practicing the questions with partners. (7 min)

Stage 3 – Grammar rules, word order in questions (15 min)

If you want to explain some of the rules then take a look here Questions in English Language. (7 min)

Typically mistakes made by Vietnamese learners

All the above mistakes have to be pointed out. (3 min)

The teacher can use about 7 questions from the previous stage to change the word order and ask students to rearrange the words in the correct order. (5 min)

Stage 4 – Game (5 min)

Play “What does it mean?” game. Arrange students in pairs. One student in each pair have to think about a word that he/she can spell and pronounce. Then test the pair by asking: “What does ‘xxxxx’ mean?”.

The teacher can review the alphabet and ask students to spell their names before the game.


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