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Dates in English language

These five tables make any learner of English to understand how dates are used in English language (with phonemic transcription). Since there is more than one way to express dates in English, it is not a surprise that this topic creates confusion among learners of English.

Days of the week

Monday (Mon) - /ˈmʌn deɪ, -di/ Working Days / Working Week / Workweek
Tuesday (Tue) - /ˈtuz deɪ, -di, ˈtyuz-/
Wednesday (Wed) - /ˈwɛnz deɪ, -di/
Thursday (Thu) - /ˈθɜrz deɪ, -di/
Friday (Fri) - /ˈfraɪ deɪ, -di/
Saturday (Sat) - /ˈsæt ərˌdeɪ, -di/ Weekend
Sunday (Sun) - /ˈsʌn deɪ, -di/

Months of the year

January (Jan) - /ˈdʒæn yuˌɛr i/ July (Jul) - / dʒuˈlaɪ, dʒəˈlaɪ/
February (Feb) - /ˈfɛb ruˌɛr i, ˈfɛb yu‐/ August (Aug) - /ɔˈgʌst/
March (Mar) - /mɑrtʃ/ September (Sep) - /sɛpˈtɛm bər/
April (Apr) - /ˈeɪ prəl/ October (Oct) - /ɒkˈtoʊ bər/
May (May) - /meɪ/ November (Nov) - /noʊˈvɛm bər/
June (Jun) - / dʒun/ December (Dec) - /dɪˈsɛm bər/

Dates

In figures In words IPS
1st The first /fɜrst/
2nd The second /ˈsɛk ənd/
3rd The third /θɜrd/
4th The fourth /fɔrθ, foʊrθ/
5th The fifth /fɪfθ, fɪθ/
6th The sixth /sɪksθ/
7th The seventh /ˈsɛv ənθ/
8th The eighth /eɪtθ, eɪθ/
9th The ninth /naɪnθ/
10th The tenth /tɛnθ/
11th The eleventh /ɪˈlɛv ənθ/
12th The twelfth /twɛlfθ/
13th The thirteenth /ˈθɜrˈtinθ/
14th The fourteenth /ˈfɔrˈtinθ, ˈfoʊr-/
15th The fifteenth /ˈfɪfˈtinθ/
16th The sixteenth /ˈsɪksˈtinθ/
17th The seventeenth /ˈsɛv ənˈtinθ/
18th The eighteenth /ˈeɪˈtinθ/
19th The nineteenth /ˈnaɪnˈtinθ/
20th The twentieth /ˈtwɛn ti ɪθ, ˈtwʌn-/
21st The twenty-first /ˈtwɛn tiˈfɜrst, ˈtwʌn-/
22nd The twenty-second /ˈtwɛn tiˈsɛk ənd, ˈtwʌn-/
23rd The twenty-third /ˈtwɛn tiˈθɜrd, ˈtwʌn-/
24th The twenty-fourth /ˈtwɛn tiˈfɔrθ, -ˈfoʊrθ, ˈtwʌn-/
25th The twenty-fifth /ˈtwɛn tiˈfɪfθ, ˈtwʌn-/
26th The twenty-sixth /ˈtwɛn tiˈsɪksθ, ˈtwʌn-/
27th The twenty-seventh /ˈtwɛn tiˈsɛv ənθ, ˈtwʌn-/
28th The twenty-eighth /ˈtwɛn tiˈeɪtθ, -ˈeɪθ, ˈtwʌn-/
29th The twenty-ninth /ˈtwɛn tiˈnaɪnθ, ˈtwʌn-/
30th The thirtieth /ˈθɜr ti ɪθ/
31st The thirty-first /ˈθɜr tiˈfɜrst/

Years

Ending in three zeros 1000 – The year 10002000 – The year 2000
Ending in two zeros 1600 – Sixteen hundred1900 – Nineteen hundred
Years after the year 2000 2006 – Two thousand and six2013 – Two thousand and thirteen
All other years 1654 – Sixteen fifty-four1989 – Nineteen eighty-nine

Expressing the date

Write Say
31/12/2012 The thirty-first of December two thousand and twelve
31st December 2012 The thirty-first of December two thousand and twelve
December 31, 2012 December the thirty-first two thousand and twelve

Note:
If the date contains the day, then the preposition on is used (Example: My birthday is on June 16).
If there is no day in the date then preposition in is required (Example: I was born in 1977).


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